References to God(s) The word “god” should be capitalized if it is being used as a proper name of a monotheistic god, as in God in Christianity and Judaism. Don't italicize. the only begotten Son Introduce a block quotation that follows a verb of saying with a colon, and capitalize the first letter of the first word of the quotation: In A Room with a View E. M. Forster writes: The sun rose higher on its journey, guided, not by Phaethon, but by Apollo, competent, unswerving, divine. Lord, Lord of all, Lord of hosts, the man of sorrows biblical, biblically, biblically-based/ biblically based The gimlet, martini, and gin & tonic are all specific recipes, not categories. Use numerals to indicate chapter and verse. 2011, This might be a case where we have to live with inconsistency and apply judgment in context: some drink names should be capitalized, some lowercased, and others could be styled either way, depending on context. Comments are moderated and subject to the terms of service. A consistent practice of lowercasing proper nouns in drink names unless a literal reference is intended works, perhaps, for well-known drinks. There’s nothing like a rattlesnake to make you feel queasy. But it seems ill suited for a category of drink names Fogarty does not consider: names that don’t necessarily refer to proper nouns but would be ambiguous if lowercase. Lowercase it in general references, second shortened references to a particular church or when referring to the early church. In the Works Cited page of an MLA paper, the rule is also the same for how to list titles. For consistency in Gordon communications, please use the styles set forth below, and spell and capitalize … A quotation that is integrated with the syntax of your sentence begins with a lowercase letter: Lucy realized that “even men might suffer from unexplained desires, and need help.”. I tried to find more examples in Strunk and White but I couldn’t find any. our Redeemer the great I Am When the first letter of a series of words in a title is used: Spirit of God In MLA style, sentences following a colon usually start with a lowercase letter, but it is acceptable to start such sentences with a capital letter. “When Should You Capitalize Cocktail and Food Names?” Quick and Dirty Tips, 11 Mar. Thus, she notes, cocktails are often styled lowercase unless a literal reference is clearly intended: In contrast to this rule of thumb, Merriam-Webster considers capitalization on a case-by-case basis. We offer students extraordinary access to leading-edge opportunities for intellectual, professional, and leadership development to address the increasingly complex challenges of a global society. Gordon stands apart from other outstanding institutions in New England by combining an exceptional education with an informed Christian faith. Before coming to the MLA, she taught college courses in writing and literature. There’s an unfortunate tendency to call any drink served in a stemmed cocktail glass a martini, but it’s wrongheaded and lazy. Christ is the One in whom we find salvation > Admin Services In contrast to this rule of thumb, Merriam-Webster considers capitalization on a case-by-case basis. For example: considers capitalization on a case-by-case basis. Be the first to read new posts and updates about MLA style. I looked at MLA the handbook of English and it said God does get capitalized when referring to a person but not when it is used as a description. It is a matter of personal conviction, preference, and context. Capitalize all of the names for the Christian God including the names of members of the Trinity. In a summary of variant practices, Mignon Fogarty (aka Grammar Girl) advises writers and editors to “, pick a style and be consistent.” She notes a preference for lowercase in style guides that is based on a recommendation in. God loves His children; He loves us with an everlasting love! the Presbyterian Church U.S.A.      Baptists      Holiness churches. If the first letter of the first word you quote is capitalized in your source, use a lowercase letter enclosed in square brackets: Lucy caught her cousin’s eye, and “[s]omething in its mute appeal made her reckless.”. Capitalize the names of the deities of other religions. the true foundation When Christ died on the cross, He gave Himself for our sins. the shepherd O Lord, You are holy! Titles. New Testament It is neither right nor wrong to capitalize or not capitalize pronouns that refer to God. 1. the Word. She has extensive editorial experience and holds a PhD in Middle English from the University of Rochester. It's interesting to note that the Scriptures, when referring to themselves with the term "word" do not capitalize it, "I will not neglect your word" (Psalm 119:16). Some Bible translations capitalize pronouns referring to God, while others do not. After a Verb of Saying Capitalize the first letter if the quotation appears after a verb of saying, regardless of the case used in the source–but flag any alterations you make. He was with God in the beginning" (John 1:1-2). CORRECT: Christians are baptized in the name of the … If a title precedes a name it is usually capitalized: Doctor Hagen gave me a clean bill of health. ", apocrypha Treat quotations from the Bible as you would a quotation from another work. Christ, the Christ the Son, Son of God, Son of man The reason for this profusion of capital letters is usually a sign of respect (Chiesa Cattolica), or the tendency to maintain the use of uppercase letters in an abbreviation or acronym (CSM = Consiglio Superiore della Magistratura). Its rays fell on the ladies whenever they advanced towards the bedroom windows; on Mr. Beebe down at Summer Street as he smiled over a letter from Miss Catharine Alan; on George Emerson cleaning his father’s boots; and lastly, to complete the catalogue of memorable things, on the red book mentioned previously. Examples: God gave His Son for our sins. Capitalize drink names that are unique coinages or recipe names: I recommend the Fog Cutter or Clover Club. (8.61):  lowercase words derived from proper nouns when references to the person or place are not intended literally. Save my name, e-mail, and Web site in this browser for the next time I comment. Terms of Service ● © 2020 Modern Language Association of America. Otherwise, the word should be lowercased, as in “the god of war.” Pronouns that refer to any god or gods should be lowercased. Capitalization finds its most widespread in the names of institutions, associations, political parties and the like. It used to be more common to capitalize such pronouns out of respect: God cares for all His creatures. Available for fall 2020 and spring 2021 courses. > College Creative The Chicago Manual of Style. the Gospels (to refer to all four books); gospel in general references to the Christian message Consider these formulations, which seem to be written by someone who’s had one too many: I’ve been working myself to the bone—I need a corpse reviver! At the same time, unless you are styling terms in a book of cocktail recipes, consistent capitalization is often also overkill—Highball and Gimlet would be odd. In short, context, sense, and readability matter more than following a general principle or deferring to a single authority. The submit button will be disabled until you complete the CAPTCHA. the Truth To one of her upbringing, and of her destination, the weakness of men was a truth unfamiliar, but she had surmised it at Florence, when George threw her photographs into the River Arno. Some Bible translations capitalize pronouns referring to God, while others do not. For consistency in Gordon communications, please use the styles set forth below, and spell and capitalize them as shown by example. Angela Gibson is the director of scholarly communication at the MLA. A quotation that is run in to your text and introduced with a colon may begin with a lowercase or capital letter—use whatever you find in the source: Forster describes George’s reaction to the memory: “he blushed and was ashamed.”, George’s reaction provokes in Lucy an observation about the weakness of men: “Perhaps anything that he did would have pleased Lucy, but his awkwardness went straight to her heart; men were not gods after all, but as human and as clumsy as girls; even men might suffer from unexplained desires, and need help.”. We invite you to comment on this post and exchange ideas with other site visitors. the great shepherd author of our faith Jesus Christ the King, King eternal, King of Glory, King of kings You’ve given me a lot to ponder & I’m probably going to have to go through my published writing to fix inconsistencies in this area. A consistent practice of lowercasing proper nouns in drink names unless a literal reference is intended works, perhaps, for well-known drinks. Don't add an s when forming the possessive name of Jesus, or of Moses. As you swirl that swizzle stick around your next cocktail, ponder this: there is no consensus on how to capitalize names of cocktails. the Creator Capitalize pronouns (except relative pronouns) that refer to God, Jesus Christ, and the Holy Spirit. Old Testament One problem is that it’s difficult to tell when literal references are intended for cocktail names, since cocktail origins are often murky or apocryphal—if not created in a haze of vermouth-rinsed cocktail shakers. If the drink name is a possible reference to a proper noun (like manhattan/Manhattan), style it according to local context: The Bronx, Manhattan, and Algonquin cocktails are all named after places in New York City. This is optional, however, even within some religious circles. Available for fall 2020 and spring 2021 courses. Please spell and capitalize as shown below. Gordon College is one of the nation's premier Christian colleges and located just north of Boston. It is a matter of personal conviction, preference, and context. eternal God the Holy Spirit, he, him, his But this book lies motionless, to be caressed all the morning by the sun and to raise its covers slightly, as though acknowledging the caress. Psalms; a psalm; Psalm 23; Psalms 23:2 men were not gods after all, but as human and as clumsy as girls; even men might suffer from unexplained desires, and need help. In the original languages of the Bible, capitalizing pronouns referring to God was not an issue. the Way the true light In general, Gordon's style is to lowercase words that refer to God and the Bible, and are not used as "names. God/ god. Great article & very helpful. Use capitals in some abbreviations. After reading this post, I too feel the need for a drink, whether it is lowercased, capitalized, or mixed. The problem is that sometimes consistency can be jarring. The tricky thing is that some cocktail names are categories or generic descriptions that are treated like common nouns and thus styled lowercase: Others, on the other hand, are believed to be derived from a proper noun but have taken on a generic meaning: Still others are unique coinages—effectively, recipe names—composed of words that would otherwise be treated as common nouns: Cocktail names can be wholly composed of proper nouns—namely, places, people, and events: But perhaps the most vexing category combines a common noun or adjective and a proper noun: In the last set of examples, do you lowercase the proper noun or capitalize the common noun? > About Gordon College The ladies move, Mr. Beebe moves, George moves, and movement may engender shadow. Fogarty, Mignon. the Lamb of God It also counts your words and checks for grammar issues. God, God the Father However, in the References page of an APA paper, only the first letter of the title is capitalized and no quotation marks are used. the Prince of peace Capitalize the first letter if the quotation appears after a verb of saying, regardless of the case used in the source–but flag any alterations you make. evangelical Lowercase evangelical when it refers to a system of beliefs in the Protestant framework, and also when using it as an adjective in reference to the act of evangelizing, as in evangelical outreach. the rose of Sharon

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