George Harrison, the lead guitarist of the Beatles, studied the sitar and played the instrument on several songs, beginning with “Norwegian Wood” (1965). The psychedelic rock community especially liked the Middle-Eastern melodies the sitar could produce. The sitar is played by strumming or plucking its stings with a wire "pick" called a mizrab. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. I wouldn't say I played it as well as he did, though..."[17] The East Indian scales used on the track "Friends" (Led Zep III) "Kashmir" (Physical Graffiti) are considered[by whom?] In both North and South India there is a strong tradition of vocal music ranging from extensive elaborations of ‘ragas’ to lighter songs and romantic or spiritual poetry. Copyright The National Federation of Music Societies (trading as Making Music). These are strings which are tuned, but not plucked, and instead vibrate and hum when the strings nearby are played. By using LiveAbout, you accept our, Origins of the Instrument and How It's Played, Some Early Musical Influences on George Harrison, The 9 Best Musical Instruments You've Never Heard Of, How to Choose a Musical Instrument to Play, World Musical Instruments Every Family Should Own, The 10 Best Rock Instrumentals of the 50s, 10 Great Recordings to Start Your Jazz Collection, 9 Guitarists You Never Knew Were Left-Handed, The 10 Best Rock Instrumentals of the 1960s. There are related clues (shown below). As early as the 1950s, rock artists like Ravi Shankar began using the instrument on world tours to give a bit of flair to their music, sparking a newfound interest in this popular Indian instrument. It’s origins date back to sacred Vedic scriptures over 6,000 years ago where chants developed a system of musical notes and rhythmic cycles. Naturally, these two models are prepared keeping in mind the suitability for executing their respective styles, and, therefore, an artist who wants to buy a sitar has to give his or her specific preference as to which model of the sitar he/she requires.Another model of Nikhil Banerjee style is also present, but it is not commonly used. This practice has now been discontinued.Around 1940-45, the sitar was fairly standardised. Sitars today can have as many as 21 strings. Melody, and the relationship between notes, is more important than harmony. Although Indian classical music has spiritual roots, rather like Western music, you don’t need to be religious to appreciate it! A Plucked String Instrument of Indian Origin. The sitar's signature sound is produced by the string vibrating on a flat bridge with a gently curved surface. 'From the above description it is quite clear that till the time of Mohammed Karam Imam, the sitar was quite a developed instrument, especially in the hands of Jaipur Seniyas. One of the most famous sitar players Ravi Shankar was a follower of the Maihar gharana which used seven playable strings. Six or seven of these are played strings which run over curved, raised frets, and the remainder are sympathetic strings (tarb, also known as taarif or tarafdaar) which run underneath the frets and resonate in sympathy with the played strings. The twentieth century can be called the golden era of the sitar. It is a mixture of both the above discussed models. For the Persian classical instrument, see, A 1 min 10 second sample of Sitar sound, playing, Sitar – Definition and More from the Free Merriam-Webster Dictionary, "Ravi Shankar's Impact on Pop Music: An Appreciation", "The Electric Prunes – Vox Wah Wah Commercial", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sitar&oldid=986576176, Articles needing expert attention with no reason or talk parameter, Articles needing expert attention from July 2015, Articles with failed verification from June 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2014, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from February 2013, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from October 2013, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2013, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz instrument identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 1 November 2020, at 18:34. The many regional designs have different names such as the Rudra veena, the Saraswati veena, the Vichitra veena and others. Many different instruments have been used and developed for Indian classical music such as: Sitar - The sitar is a plucked stringed instrument used in Hindustani (North Indian) classical music. Traditionally used in concerts for royalty and special religious ceremonies, the sitar remains a large part of Indian culture today. It is often fitted with a second resonator, a small tumba (pumpkin or pumpkin-like wood replica) on the neck. The instrument was invented in medieval India and flourished in the 16th and 17th centuries and arrived at its present form in 18th-century India. In the latter half of the nineteenth century, tarab strings were put into the sitar. The Beatles famously used a sitar on their hit songs "Norwegian Wood (This Bird Has Flown)," "Within You Without You," and "Love You To" in the late 60s. However, the number of frets is not fixed and is variable. The instrument sehtar, prevalent in Iran till date, has more or less the same features. the sarod and the sitar, possess numerous sympathetic strings tuned according to the notes of the mode being played. Sitar music is a crossword puzzle clue that we have spotted over 20 times. The basic technical and physical principles of the sitar are just like those of the veena, but the sitar is easier to handle and is more portable.

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